Study reveals US HIV 'hot spots'

A number of US HIV hot spots have been identified in a new study, suggesting targeted condom campaigns in these regions could prove beneficial.

Joint results from a network of research organisations, including ICAP at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, found the infection rates of black women in certain areas are around five time higher than the overall levels predicted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

In its assessment of 2,099 females - of which 88 per cent were black - the HIV Prevention Trials Network's 064 Women's HIV Seroincidence Study revealed an HIV incidence of 0.24 per cent.

As part of the report, six regions were looked at - Atlanta, Raleigh-Durham, Washington DC, Baltimore, Newark and New York City.

Dr Wafaa El-Sadr, ICAP director, said: "This study confirms that black women in these US hotspots have disproportionately been affected by HIV."

The expert added prevention efforts - that could include condom campaigns - are tailored to the communities particularly affected.